The Early Years Foundation Stage – Early Learning Goals
The Early Years Foundation Stage guidance divides learning and development into 7 areas:

                                                       The Prime Areas

• Personal, Social and Emotional Development
• Communication and Language
• Physical Development

The Specific Areas

• Expressive Arts and Design
• Understanding the world
• Mathematics
• Literacy

The early learning goals for the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) are: 

  • Personal Social and Emotional Development – Involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.

  • Communication and Language – Development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations.

  • Mathematics – involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, apace and measures.

  • Understanding the world – involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe, and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.

  • Physical Development – involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their coordination, control and movement. Children must be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.

  • Expressive Arts and Design – Involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.

  • Literacy – pre-reading and pre-writing skills, alphabet and phonics are introduced through children being giving access to a wide range of reading materials ( stories, poems, rhymes and other reading materials) to ignite their interest.


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